Jodhpurs (suggested by Patrick a listener on the Five Minute Professor Facebook page)
Jodhpurs are named for the North West Indian city of 1.2 million.
Ancient style of riding pants tight fitting and reinforced from knee to ankle. Popularized by Pratap Singh in the 1890s. He outfitted his polo team for Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in 1897
Coco Chanel and Ralph Lauren continued to keep the jodhpurs “in” amongst the fashion elite.
Jokers – The modern playing card comes from the 1860s.
The game of euchre used Jokers as the highest trump card.
Joker was an American approximation for the German word for Euchre.
Originally there were 4 Jokers… now two.
Jumping Beans – Yes they are Mexican – no they are not beans.
DO NOT EAT … they are from a plant group used to create purgatives related to Poinsettia.
Moth lays an egg.. egg forms a larvae, larvae hollows out the “bean” and then forms a silk harness.
When the bean warms rapidly the larvae spasms in an attempt to move the bean to a cooler spot.
Lots of things can kill the larvae -- extended heat, chlorine, staying to dry… getting too wet… freezing.
If the larvae survives the year and forms a pupa, it will emerge from the “bean” and live about two or three days.
Alamos, Senora in Mexico call itself the Jumping Bean Capital of the World.
Known for its 4 main islands, Japan is actually an archipelago of 6,852 islands. It is home to 127 million people most (over 103 million) on the largest island Honshu.
Today is the 3rd largest economy in the world. The second largest from 1956 – 2010, when it was passed by China.
Japanese call their home country Nippon. We use an anglicized version of a Chinese mispronunciation of Nippon.
Japan is a Constitutional Monarchy with a figurehead Emperor – Akihito is 79 years old. The oldest son of Hirohito. Akihito has been the 125th Emperor since 1989. The country is ruled by a Prime Minister.
The Diet is their national bicameral legislature. Most of the seats are elected by political party… not by direct vote for an individual.
Japan has the 6th largest military budget worldwide. But their 1957 Constitution forbids them from declaring foreign war on any nation.
75% of Japanese students go to a post high school education. That may include vocational training or college.
Sumo is the National Sport. But baseball is the most popular. Japan has had a single player in the NBA. The 5’ 9” Yuta Tabuse played four games in 2004 for the Phoenix Suns. He scored 7 points in one game.
Since 1961, Japan has had a Universal Healthcare plan where ciotizens pay 30% up to their max out of pocket per year. Hospitals are true non-profit organizations run by doctors. Their life expectancy has risen to 83 years. Their healthcare costs are 8.5% of GDP.
Ready for the Questions?
1) At 330,000 square miles in area Japan would be our fifth largest US state. Which four are larger?
Alaska, Texas, California and Montana (16)
2) Which of these four states is home to the most sheep?
Texas – 650,000 (8)
3) What children’s game … also known as Knucklebones originated from the ankle bones of sheep? Today the parts are typically made from metal or plastic.
4) Which two card suits normally have one-eyed Jacks (The Jacks seen in profile)?
Spades and Hearts – (Although there is a One-Eyed Jacks saloon on Wall Street downtown and a One -Eyed Jack movie starring Marlin Brando from 1961… we are going a different direction) (King of Diamonds – One-eyed)
5) The Two Jakes was a 1990 sequel to what 1974 Best Picture Nominee?
6) Jack Nicholson starred and directed The Two Jakes … who directed Chinatown that earned 11 Oscar nominations five years after his wife was killed by the followers of Charles Manson?
Roman Polanski had been married to Sharon Tate.
7) Who was the US president when Roman Polanski fled the US for the last time? He was also the first president born in a hospital.
James Earl Carter – Roman fled in February 1978- never to return
8) James is the most common given name for US Presidents can you name the other five – all presidents during the 19th Century? A pair of two termers, another pair of one-termers and one who only lasted 6 months.
Madison, Monroe, Polk, Buchanan and Garfield
9) Garfield is also written by a James – Jim Davis. Garfield is considered the most popular cartoon of all time by the folks at Guinness. Garfield was an early adopter of e-mail… in fact the original domain that was used by Garfield to e-mail his fans was eventually purchased by what search engine that claims to process a billion search requests a day?
Google bought Gmail.com in 2002
10) Google has recently been in the news because CITES believes that Google needs to do more to stem the illegal trade in ivory. Aside from elephants, what five animals have teeth that can be used as ivory. Two amphibious mammals, two aquatic mammals and one domestic animal.
Hippo, Walrus, Sperm Whale, Narwhal and Pigs
11) The case against Google includes 10,000 items available in the Google shops that use inlayed ivory for official stamps. These stamps called inkan or hanko and are used for official documents as opposed to having the documents signed. What country uses inkan for leases, contracts and hanko for less important documents.