Ecuador – Since 2008, its Constitution has included “The Rights of Nature” Our Supreme Court has determined that corporation are people… theirs that a tree is a person.
Ethiopia – Most populous landlocked nation. 91 million. Population started 5,000 years ago. Capital Addis Ababa -7,000 feet of elevation. Temperature year round 50-75 degrees. 46 inches of rain a year.
Escargot – land snails. One of the earliest prepared foods. Cooked outside the shell and then served in the shells. $300 million a year business in US.
Electric Eel – Not an actual eel. In fact the South American knifefish is more closely related to the catfish. BUT HAS NO GILLS ! It breathes air from the surface.
Eggplant – considered a berry. Nightshade family. Used in the recipe for moussaka and ratatouille. China grows dramatically more eggplant than any other nation. 20 pounds of eggplant has about as much nicotine as a cigarette.
Eatonville – One of the country’s first all-Black towns formed following the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. Named for white landowner Josiah Eaton who sold the land.
Einstein – born in Germany. Became famous while a Swiss citizen. Became American in 1940 following the rise of Adolf Hitler. Einstein joined the NAACP in 1946.
Equestrian – Events in the first modern Olympics in 1900. Returned in 1912 and every Olympiad since. Three event groups – Dressage, jumping and cross-country.
Easter Island – known as Rapa Nui to the native population. Named by Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen in 1722. Record low temperature 37 degrees. The Moai (Mow eye) represented the spirits of ancestors and faced inland – backs to the sea. They originally had eyes made of coral. Most remote island on earth. 1,289 miles from next inhabited island – Pitcairn (which has 52 residents). Its 2,182 miles from mainland Chile.
Eggtoberfest , Big Green Egg – The 16th Eggtoberfest will be held October 11th- 12th in Stone Mountain, about 5 miles from company headquarters in Tucker, GA. Registration began August 6th.
Eagle – the term is used in golf for a 2 under par hole – because it’s a Big Bird. Birdie is traced back to a late 19th century under par hole for a golfer who struck a bird on his tee shot. Three under is a double eagle – or Albatross (an even bigger bird) and a four under (never accomplished in tournament play) would be a Condor.
ee cummings – Edward Estlin Cummings. Born in Cambridge, MA. Graduated from Harvard. Drove an ambulance in WWI. He frequently used capital letters. It was publishing decision to use all lower case. He did not prefer the decision.
Echo – named for a Greek nymph. She was given the job of constantly talking to Hera so that she would not catch Zeus having affairs. When found out, Hera cursed her so that she could only repeat what others said.
Etruscans – Tuscan neighbors of the early Romans. Rome was most likely built by outcast Etruscans.
Eritrea – home of the ancient kingdom of Punt – about 5,000 years ago.
Ezra Pound – American poet born in Idaho territory in 1885. Died in 1972 after being imprisoned as a traitor for 12 years following his anti-American speeches on behalf of Benito Mussolini during WWII.
Edinburgh – Capital of Scotland. Population of 495,360 . Home to the most attended arts festival in the world. Started in 1947, the Edinburgh Fringe attracts 1.8 million visitors a year. Started August 2nd – Running through the 26th. Simultaneously – The Edinburgh Art Festival starts tomorrow, the Ediburgh Book Festival is going on and the Edinburgh Military Tattoo last through August.
Emu – largest bird native to Australia, standing 6 feet tall. Although similar to Africa’s Ostrich, Emus are slightly smaller and have feathers all the way up their neck. Emus have 3 toes, ostriches two. There are approximately 1 million emus in the US.
Elephant – Two species of elephant.
African have larger ears, a more sloping forehead, a concave back and two finger like extensions at the end of their prehensile trunks.
Asian Elephants have a pronounced bulge at the top of their heads, smaller ears, convex backs and only one extension on their trunks.
The largest elephants are bulls and can reach 7 and a half tons.
Females gestate for approximately 24 months.
****** Mature content *******
This follows 45 seconds of copulation.
Bulls mount females. Bulls have an enormous S shaped penis over 3 feet long and 6 inches in girth at the base. The penis operates using muscles that work separately from the hips.
Females have a clitoris that is over a foot long. There is frequent homosexual activity amongst elephant population. Females use their trunks on one another without mounting. Males will mount each other but not penetrate.
During sexual season bulls will enter musth and secrete a fluid from glands on the sides of their heads. During musth, elephants are much less predictable.
Elephant tusks are modified incisors. Baby elephants have baby teeth that fall out and are replaced with tusks. They grow molars at the back of their mouths throughout their lives and they simply push forward as they wear down.
Almost all of the world’s 16,000 working elephants (not performing … working) are Asian elephants. They can learn up to 30 commands. Perform simple tasks that would be hard to do with equipment in water and wet earth conditions.
The War elephants of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy and Hannibal were Asian elephants.
Elephants are used to create “Black Ivory” coffee. The beans are harvested after they are eaten.
Elephants can carry, suffer from and transmit to humans… tuberculosis.
Ready for the Questions?
Eau Clair, Wisconsin.
867 in addition to another 1200 vintage, military and ultralight aircraft.
Edinburgh, Scotland is hosting the world’s largest Fringe Festival from August 2nd – 26th --- 1.8 million Fringers will see shows. At the same time the Edinburgh Art Festival starts tomorrow, the Edinburgh International Book Festival is also going on and the Edinburgh Military Tattoo.
The Big Green Egg
A 110 Gallon egg cream. They make much smaller egg creams at Dippitys where we will have lunchtime trivia starting Tuesday.
South American in the Orinoco and Amazon rivers
Chile and Ecuador
The 50 or so people of Pitcairn island (descendants of the mutineers of the HMS Bounty) live 1,289 miles from Easter Island… as far away from Easter Island as Boston is from us.
Denim- a French fabric that is traditionally dyed only on the welt side. Denim is from the French De Nimes – or from Nimes. From 1973-1975 Volkswagen made Jeans Beetle with all the upholstery and trim in denim.
Doughnuts originally dough nuts were small balls of dough. What we would call doughnut holes. Doughnuts got progressively larger until a sailor decided that he was tired of the raw dough in the middle and cut the center out before cooking.
Cake doughnuts are 20% lower in fat than the denser yeast doughnuts.
The donuts spelling first appeared in print in 1900.
Dragonflies – Rear wings larger than the forward wings. INsectavores. Fastest recorded speed for an insect. UP to 35 MPH. Lay eggs in the water. Larvae live up to 5 years in the water. Adults live about 6 months.
Deep Purple – From Hertford. Biggest hit Smoke on the Water peaked at #4 in the US. Biggest album 1972’s Machine Head. Listed in Guinness Book of records as The Globe’s Loudest Band. Touring with the Now What? Tour. Closest tour spot. Glasgow.
Dingoes – Native to Australia and SouthEast Asia. A Grey Wolf subspecies. Meryl Strep earned her 8th Oscar nomination for “A Cry in the Dark” in 1988.
Doobie Brothers formed in Northern California in 1970. Big album Black Water. First #1 What a Fool Believes. Early fan base… Hells Angels.
Djibouti – A city and tiny country in the horn of Africa. Slightly larger than New Jersey. A French Colony until 1977. A Presidential Republic with both a President and a Prime Minister – appointed by the President. HOT year round. Average low 80… average high 92. There are only 17 days of rain a year on average.
Didgeridoo – a 1500 year old instrument native to Indigenous Australians. A traditional didgeridoo uses a tree or large branch of a eucalyptus tree hollowed out by termites. Beeswax is used to seal the mouth to the end of the didgeridoo. Didgeridoo is an onomatopoeia. Players are found to reduce sleep apnea and snoring. July 31st is Uncommon Instrument Day, according to my brother David.
Charles Darwin – Was 22 when he sailed with The Beagle for 5 years. He published On the Origin of Species when he was 50. Then he grew the beard.
Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia – Named for Charles Darwin by the crew of the Beagle in 1839, on a later journey that Darwin was not a part of. This city of 129,000 is mainly newer construction. The city was bombed by the Japanese fleet three weeks after Pearl Harbor.
Dalmatians – a companion dog that can be trained for rescue and guard dog work. Roots trace back to the nomadic peoples of Dalmatia, an area within modern Croatia. Breed developed in the 19th Century in Britain. Born white. Develop colored spots at about three weeks. They live about 11 – 13 years on average. Weigh up to 70 pounds. Have a genetic predisposition to deafness. 1956 – the book 101 Dalmatians, in 1961 the Disney cartoon film and the 1996 live action film starring Glenn Close, Jeff Daniels and Hugh Laurie.
Dr Demento – Barry Hansen from Minneapolis, MN -Got his start in an LA radio station. Played occasional novelty songs. Lived with the band Spirit for a few years after earning his Master’s degree in folklore and ethnomusicology. Started a weekly two hour novelty show in 1974 it was syndicated from 1978-1992 by Westwood One. We heard it at 10 pm on Sunday night.
Dubai – The most populous of the United Arab Emirates (and only Abu Dhabi is larger). HOT. DRY ! Only 2 inches of rain on average between May and October. Do NOT try to smuggle drugs. Trace amounts of drugs found on shoes, clothes of pocket link have resulted in possession convictions.
Dutched Chocolate – the dutching process lightens the color and the bitterness of pure chocolate by using a chemical alkalizing agent to neutralize the pH. The process reduces the anti-oxidants.
Denmark – The Danes are Scandinavian but attached to continental Europe on the Jutland peninsula. Most of Denmark is on one of 407 islands or Greenland. 5.6 million Danes. They create 25% of their electrical needs from wind turbine farms in the North Sea. They are also the leading crude oil producer in Europe. They have a constitutional monarchy. Queen Magrethe since 1972. Magrethe illustrated the Danish translation of Lord of the Rings.
John DeLorean – After serving in the Army from 1943-46 worked at Chrysler, Packard and GM before founding DeLorean Motor Company. Although best known for the DMC-12 (9,000 built from 1981-1982) – featured in Back to Future in 1985. He was also part of the team that brought the Pontiac GTO to market. And the Chevy Nova and Vega. Oops.
Frederick Douglass - An escaped slave from Maryland. He was taught to read by the wife of his master when he was a pre-teen. She was admonished not to teach him… “because if they learn to read they will become dissatisfied with their lot a slaves” He eventually bought his freedom after his escape with donations from British supporters.
Daft Punk – French Duo. Biggest hit “Get Lucky” from Random Access Memory. Got their first record deal after meeting an exec at a EuroDisney Rave.
Depeche Mode – English electronic music group. Founded in 1977. Biggest hit #1 – “People Are People” #1 in Germany… only reached #13 in US.
Duran Duran – British band founded in 1978. Took A View to a Kill to #1 – first #1 (and only) hit for a Bond Theme in 1985. Band named for the villain in Barbarella. First US #1 hit – The Reflex. 1984
Die Fledermaus – does not belong on the list of recommendations… but it made me laugh when I saw it. Die is The in German. The name of the Johann Strauss operetta translates as The Bat.
Stephen Decatur Jr – We should know who Stephen Decatur is. A true naval hero of the Quasi-War, First and Second Barbary Wars and the War of 1812.
One story of many – The US warship USS Philadelphia was captured by the sailors of the Barbary Coast – who are often described as pirates but were really doing the work of the local leaders. Decatur leads a raid against the badly damaged ship sitting in the harbor Tripoli.
He managed to subdue the guard force and scuttle and burn the ship to keep it from being repaired and used against the US without losing a man. Lord Nelson described it as the “the most bold and daring act of the Age”.
He was killed in a duel with a fellow naval captain when he was 41.
Five US naval vessels have been named for Decatur. He was on a 2 cent stamp while FDR was President at his insistence. Decatur’s home at Lafayette Square in DC is a part of the National Trust.
46 Communities in the US were named for Stephen Decatur.
Decatur, Georgia is a suburb of Atlanta and the county seat of DeKalb county. Decatur was founded 2 years after his death. Decatur County Georgia was founded a year later and is on the Florida Border where US 27 enters the state. The County seat of Decatur County is Bainbridge, named for the captain of the USS Philadelphia and the man who was the second at duel that killed Decatur.
Ready for the Questions?
Duluth, MN is about 15% more populous – with 86, 265.
80 proof. 40 % ABV
Pinto -- Iacocca was at the helm at Ford when they developed the Pinto… he doesn’t brag about that.
Before – in fact all were originally sold before. Production only lasted from 1981-1982. Back to the Future was released in 1985.
Dubai -- people have been imprisoned for trace amounts of cocaine on their shoes, clothes and in pocket link.
Clarence Clemons – died at age 69 in 2011. One of The Three Most Important People in the World in the future scenes of Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure.
Captain and Tennille – Daryl Dragon was the keyboardist for The Beach Boys. Cathryn Antoinette Tennille was for a short time the only female Beach Boy. They married in 1975. They are 73 and 71. They are Vegans. Their biggest hit was their first “Love Will Keep Us Together.” Toni Tennille sang backing vocals on Pink Floyd’s The Wall.
Chattanooga – 4th largest city in Tennessee. It is along the Georgia border. Glenn Miller Band recorded the most successful version of “Chattanooga Choo Choo” Chattanooga is home to the only Callard & Bowser plant for the production of Altoids – since 2007.
Cincinnati – named for The Society of Cincinnatus – a Roman Statesman who voluntarily stepped down from power to ensure democracy. That society honored George Washington – The modern Cincinnatus. Third largest city in Ohio. Along the Kentucky border. The Cincinatti airport is in Kentucky. Home to the first professional baseball club (1869 – Red Stockings) and the first full time fire fighters in 1853.
Charles Spencer Chaplin Jr – Died Christmas Day 1977 at 88 years old. 4 marriages, 11 children. Married daughter of Eugene O’Neill – Oona – who was 36 years younger in 1944- 8 children. The youngest when he was 72. Made the Great Dictator in 1939. The Tramp first appeared in 1914.
Cucumber – a gourd, also a fruit. Native to the Indian Sub-continent. China, Iran, Turkey and Russia grow more than US. Guns, Germs, and Steel is talking about cultivated plants and how that affected the development of societies – I am reading this 1999 book .
Cheetah – 0-60 in 3 seconds. Speeds up to 75 MPH. Not considered a true big cat. Cannot roar… can purr. Big Cats are the opposite. Claws are only semi-retractable. Tear marks from corners of eyes along the side of nose reduce glare. Found in Africa, the Middle East and India.
Cheerios – created as CheeriOats in 1941. Renamed in 1945. Created in Buffalo, NY. Owned by General Mills. Honey Nut 1979, Frosted Cheerios in 1995, Chocolate in 2005.
Checkers date back to 3000 BC. Called Draughts in UK. Modern game features “Flying Kings”.
Chinese Checkers – dates back to just 1892 … in Germany. The name Chinese Checkers was a US marketing ploy dating to 1928.
Cactus – Native to the Americas, Africa and Sri Lanka. They are unique among plants because they do not have leaves. 1,500 to 1,800 species. Most open stoma ONLY at night to collect Carbon Dioxide. This dramatically reduces the amount of water loss. CO2 is required for photosynthesis.
Canberra is the Capital of Australia. A compromise between politicians of Syndey and Melbourne. Chosen in 1908. Today a city of over 350,000. Either named for an Aboriginal word meaning meeting place or an Anglicized Aboriginal word for “the place between a woman’s breasts”. You decide.
Costa Rica. A Central American democracy since 1950. One of the most populous countries (4.5 million) without any military. Banned recreational hunting in 2012. Literacy rate 95%.
Capybara – largest rodent. Native to South America East of the Andes. 2 feet tall, 3 ½ to 4 feet long weighs up to 150 pounds. GIANT Guinea Pig. Social animal lives in herds of up to 100. Since the 16th Century Roman Catholics have been allowed to eat capybara during Lent.
Clydesdale – a breed of working horse from Scotland. Budweiser (through INbev) keeps a herd of 250 Clydesdales. Busch Gardens have their own Clydesdales… but not Budweiser Clydesdales.
Celebration, FL – Since the summer of 1996.
Not a city or town. The 7,427 residents live in unincorporated Osceola County. Shares a Zip code with Kissimmee. Which is why there is NOT a Main Street in Celebration. Osceola already has one.
Since it is not a town – it does not have a police department, fire department or Mayor/city manager. It has residential and non-Residential Home Owners Associations. And a Management company.
Highest elevation 82 feet above sea level. Median age of residents 37 years old.
NOT owned by Disney. Built and designed by Disney but not owned. Disney does own the telephone and electrical utilities.
There is a Celebration School K-8 – since 97 and a Celebration High School (Home of The Storm) since 2003. There are 174 beds at Celebration Hospital.
Ready for the Questions ?
Stetson – Originally named Deland University for Henry DeLand.
Boss of the Plains. He made a Ten Gallon Hat, a Cowboy hat and hats for Mounties, the Rangers and US Cavalry.
Red Hot Chili Peppers
Joanne Woodward – she and Paul Newman were married for 50 years until he died in 2008.
Celebration ! from the album Celebrate. Kool and the Gang had many #1 hits on the R & B charts.
Bangkok - (In fact part of the same suggestion – (Butte (MT), beavers, Bushnell (FL), booby traps)
Capital of Thailand – a predominantly Buddhist nation since 1782. IN fact the most Buddhist nation, although the government is secular. Bangkok was the setting for the King and I … also (because it’s the same story) Anna and the King. The Thai call it Krung Thep. Lowest recorded temperature 50 degrees.
Butte, MT – Home of Robert Craig – Call me Evel – Kneivel. Holds the Guiness record for breaking 433 bones during his lifetime. The 4th weekend of July have been Evel Knievel days in Butte since 2002.
Beavers – mainly nocturnal. World’s second largest rodent. Estimates of between 6 to 12 million in North American – Most in Canada.
Bonneville Salt Flats – run by the US governments Bureau of Land Management the Salt Flats used to be part of the much larger Lake Bonneville that has become The Great Salt Lake. The Salt Flats are home to some of the highest land speed records. The salt does not allow for quick 0-60 speeds, but the 40 square miles give you time to get up to high speeds. The fastest wheel powered vehicle (as opposed to jet cars) went 470 miles per hour … for a mile in 2001. The fastest electric car reached 303 miles per hour.
Bingo – dates to the 16th Century in Italy. Then travelled to France, Germany (where it’s used as a teaching tool for math and science) and eventually to Pennsylvania. The modern game was granted a copyright in 1930. Decriminalized in Massachusetts in 1931 so that churches and charities could use it to raise money.
In Spite of stories I had heard … BEANO as an alternative was an attempt to get around the copyright not to laws that outlawed gambling.
Black Beard – Edward Teach. Pirate commander of The Queen Anne’s Revenge was only a pirate from 1716-1718. He would put lit cannon fuses under his hat to create a more ferocious appearance. May have been the inspiration for the Dread Pirate Roberts.
Brussels – Capital of Belgium. Home to 1.1 million people.
Brussels Sprouts – A cabbage cultivar that can be traced back to Ancient Rome. Netherlands produces the most today.
Butterflies – rest with their wings above their body. Moths rest with their closed on their bodies. Butterfly wings are made of tiny scales that cannot be identified at less than 20 times magnification. The scales look like ridged potato chips. At 200 times magnification.
B- Sides – the second song on a 78 or 45 RPM record. Elvis had 26 singles where BOTH the A and B sides made the Top 40. The Beatles had 14 of those “Double A” singles, Pat Boone 10.
B Movies – Named similarly to the B side of a single. B movies had dramatically lower budgets and were meant to be the second half of a double feature in the 1930s, and 40s. The Modern definition really applies the term to a low budget film.
Bowling/Bocce – dates back to Ancient Egyptians. The modern bowling alley came to the US in NYC in 1895. The US Bowling Conference cites the following benefits to bowling “burning calories, exercising little used muscle groups, tendons, joints and ligaments, psychosocial benefits and creating friendships.
Booby Prize/Booby Trap -- Blue Footed Booby – all come from the Spanish for Bobo -- for stupid or foolish. Booby Prize has been listed in the OED since 1893.
BandAids ® - Always called BandAid Brand by Johnson and Johnson. Created in 1920 by Earle Dickson, because his wife kept burning and cutting herself in the kitchen.
Bagpipes – Although we think of the Scots and the Irish and even the British and Canadians as bagpipe players … “Playing the pipes” is an ancient musical phenomenon.
Bagpipes are popular across most all of Europe and most likely began as an instrument around the Mediterranean during the first half of the Egyptian empire.
Nero was said to have played pipes with both his mouth .. and armpit.
A marginally sophisticated instrument. A bagpipe has more moving parts than most direct play woodwinds and reeds.
A bagpipe is played by filling a bag with air and then forcing it out through a chanter … or melody pipe that looks more or less like a recorder. The sound is made as the air is forced over a reed at the top of the chanter and the notes are played by covering holes with the fingers of both hands.
But as you listen to a bagpipe there is definitely more going on … the pipe or pipes that stick out of the top of a bagpipe are called drones … and they are also producing standard notes as the air is forced out of the bag.
Unlike direct play instruments that have rest notes during a breath… bagpipes play constantly.
Ready for the questions ?
1) In May of 2012, the largest bagpipe orchestra was formed with 333 players in traditional costume in the city of Sophia in what former Soviet Block nation ? Bucharest, Bulgaria, Bhutan
2) Bulgaria is considered the gateway to the Balkan Peninsula and Greece, Serbia and Croatia. All of the Balkan nations have a variation of what dessert made with alternating sheets of phyllo pastry and chopped nuts and butter covered in a honey glaze?
3) Baklava is amazingly delicious and would satisfy the sweet tooth of what real animal from Australia? Bandersnatch, Bandicoot, Bongo (African antelope), Blue-footed Booby (New World bird between Galapagos and Central America)
Bandicoot- omnivorous marsupial—look like a rat.
4) The Bandersnatch is not real … the creation of a writer named Charles Dodgson – better known as Lewis Carrol. What was the title of his 1872 SEQUEL to Alice in Wonderland that included a poem about the Bandersnatch?
Through the Looking Glass
5) Looking Glass had their biggest hit 100 year later. The band formed at Rutgers in 1969 had only one #1 hit about what girl whose eyes could steal a sailor from the sea?
6) What type of stemware, with a wide base and narrower top is designed for aged beverages like brandy or whiskey?
Snifter – a well-designed snifter can be laid on its side and hold the proper pour without spilling.
7) Other famous snifters … include Bloodhounds. What TV character of the 1960s had a Bloodhound named Duke… who theoretically accompanied him when he was a shootin for some food?
Jed Clampett of the Beverly Hillbillies
8) Adjusted for inflation, Beverly Hills Cop had the second best showing worldwide of Eddie Murphy’s career in 1984. What one movie sequel outperformed Beverly Hills Cop at the Box Office? It came out in 2004 … and I feel Eddie made something of a jackass of himself in a supporting role.
9) Shrek is an ogre and in the first film he famously suggests that he is like what type of bulb vegetable?
10) What two countries produce more onions than the UniteD States? One has over 250 Million Buddhists, the other has 800 million Hindi.
China and India
11) Although China has the most Buddhists of any country, what country of South East Asia boasts that 95% of their 66 million in population is Buddhist?